While we don’t have a criminal practice, this recently decided case is interesting in how science can change, impacting prior court decisions. This same concept was found regarding fire science, in prior posts found here and here.
From the New York State Bar Association:
The Fourth Department affirmed the grant of defendant’s motion to vacate her conviction based on newly discovered evidence. Defendant, a daycare provider, was convicted in the death of a toddler. Medical testimony at trial attributed the death to shaken baby syndrome. In the motion to vacate her conviction, defendant argued that advances in medicine and science have called into question the prior opinions about shaken baby syndrome, and indicate a short-distance fall can mimic shaken baby symptom.